Psychoanalysis is a classical and modern method of long-term psychological treatment. It is complex and is more than psychotherapy. Psychoanalysis often eases psychological suffering after many other therapy methods have had limited success.

Psychoanalysis works mostly with the unconscious. The unconscious of every person is vast compared to the conscious mind. It is the pool of all feelings, thoughts, urges, conflicts, and memories that are outside of our conscious awareness. These active unconscious elements guide one’s life and decisions and control most of our choices. They can create nervous tension and negative feelings such as deep unhappiness, anxiety, depression, intense boredom, feeling of emptiness, and self-depreciation. These can transpire in many ways, including self-destructive behaviors, or difficulties with personal relationships or work. Such problems are usually difficult to resolve and show up again and again.


Oftentimes psychological troubles have been in one’s life for a long time — maybe since childhood. For these a treatment deeper than typical psychotherapy is needed. This is where psychoanalysis comes in. Through psychoanalysis people learn how they came to be who they are and why they do and feel the things they do. This understanding of oneself leads the way toward emotional freedom and personal growth. Typically, the result is lasting psychological and life changes and improved well-being.


Usually in psychoanalysis the analysand comes several times a week, lies on a couch, and communicates as openly as possible. The analysand’s thoughts are allowed to wander freely. This reveals the active unconscious elements. Being on the couch and facing away from the analyst makes it easier to talk about embarrassing or difficult topics. It also shifts the focus from outside life to inside life. The greater frequency helps. The painful emotional reality is forced to stay within conscious awareness and be worked through.


Contact Gilmour Psychological Services® in Ottawa to schedule a consultation.


Dr. Angelina Chupetlovska

Dr. Angelina Chupetlovska works with children, adolescents, adults, and families. She provides counselling, short- and long-term psychotherapy, and psychoanalysis. She works with clients with a wide range of presenting problems such as depression, anxiety, trauma, grief, shame, loneliness, relationship difficulties, separation, career dissatisfaction, self-esteem issues, impaired creativity, substance abuse problems, and issues pertinent to LGBT individuals. She also aids with parenting issues and dealing with effects of parental conflict and divorce on children. Additionally, Dr. Chupetlovska provides reunification counselling to parents and children in high conflict family situations.

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Dr. Rana Pishva

Dr. Rana Pishva C. Psych provides psychological services in English and French to children, adolescents and adults. She provides psychotherapy and psychological assessment. She offers services to individuals with a range of concerns, including anxiety, depression, trauma and dissociation, post-traumatic stress disorder, childhood abuse, parenting difficulties, postpartum issues, and infant mental health. She conducts mental health assessments, as well as Parenting Capacity assessments (CFSA S.54) and Custody and Access assessments (CLRA S.30).

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